1. Subject + verb
  Пришлќ гћсти (Nom.). Guests arrived.
2. Subject + short adjective: 'am/is/are'
  Онђ больнђ. She is ill.
3. Subject + есть: 'there is/are; have' (existential statements)
  Љсть икрђ? Is there any caviar?
  У вђс љсть икрђ? Do you have any caviar?
4. Subject with no verbal element: 'am/is/are'
  Сђша здљсь. Sasha is here.
  Сђша — врђч. Sasha is a doctor.
  Нћчь. It is night.