Dastan Eleukenov: Kazakhstan was an enormous test site for the Soviet Union. For nuclear weapons as well, it was here, this was the primary test site for the Soviet Union. Of course, testing was done in other places as well: in Russia, and in many parts of Kazakhstan, up north, and in the central part of Kazakhstan and in the south and the west. In the west there were many so-called peaceful explosions. Both chemical and biological weapons were tested on Vozrozhdeniya Island, which is now... that island has now turned into a pensinsula, due to the desiccation of the Aral Sea.